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Disclaimer: ICHER strives to keep this information updated on a regular basis, but these data do not constitute legal advice. In addition, interpretation and enforcement of written regulations sometimes vary due to regional and political context.

The abbreviation key for various codes (RSS, etc.) is provided at the bottom of the chart.

State-by-State Regulations for Homeschooling[1]

                                                                                                                       

 

 

 

STATE

 

 

 

category option(s)[2]

notification or registration

with state required

annual notification required

parent/instructor

educational requirements

minimum

instruction time

required to keep attendance records

required to submit attendance recs. regularly

state-mandated

subjects

required to maintain curriculum records[3]

required to maintain test scores and/or student work3

evaluation/assessment required by state

 

 

 

evaluation/assessment options

eligible for part-time public school enrollment

eligible for public school extracurricular participation[4]

state required to provide special education services[5]

Alabama[6]

RSS

Y

N

N

N

Y

N

N

N

N

N

--

N

N

Y

Alaska

HS

N

--

N

N

N

--

N

N

N

N

--

N

N

N

Arizona

HS

Y

N

N

N

N

--

Y

N

N

N

--

Y (DD)

Y

Y

Arkansas

HS

Y

Y[7]

N

N

N

--

N

N

N

N

--

Y (DD)

Y

Y

California

HPS

Y

Y7

N

N

Y

Y

Y

Y

N

N

--

Y (DD)

Y (DD)

Y

 

PSS

N

N

N

N

Y

N

Y

Y

N

N

--

Y (DD)

Y (DD)

Y

Colorado

HS

Y

Y

N

Y

Y

N

Y

N

Y

Y

ST (3,5,7,9,11) or PE

Y (DD)

Y (DD)

N

 

PSS

N

--

N

N

N

--

Y

N

N

N

--

Y (DD)

Y

Y

Connecticut

HS

N

--

N

Y

N

--

Y

N

N

N

--

Y(DD)

Y (DD)

N

Delaware

HS

Y

Y

N

N

Y

Y

Y

N

N

N

--

N

Y (DD)

N

Dist. Columbia

PI

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

N

N

Y

N

N

--

Y (DD)

Y (DD)

N

Florida

HS

Y

N

N

N

N

N

N

Y

Y

Y

ST or PE

Y

Y

N

Georgia

HS

Y

N

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

N

Y

Y

ST (3,6,9,12) + PR[9]

Y (DD)

Y (DD)

Y

Hawaii

HS

Y

N

N

N

N

--

N

Y

N

Y

ST or PR[10]

N

N

Y

Idaho

AI

N

--

N

N

N

--

Y

N

N

N

--

Y

Y

Y

Illinois

HPS

N

--

N

N

N

--

Y

N

N

N

--

Y (DD)

Y (DD)

Y

Indiana

HPS

N

--

N

Y

Y

N

N

N

N

N

--

Y(DD)

Y

Y

Iowa

HS

N

N

N

Y

N

--

N

N

N

N

--

Y

Y

Y

Kansas

HPS

Y

N

N

Y

N

--

N

N

N

N

--

Y (DD)

Y(DD)

Y

 

PSS

N

--

N

Y

N

--

N

N

N

N

--

Y(DD)

Y (DD)

Y

Kentucky

HPS

Y

Y

N

Y

Y

N

Y

Y

Y

N

--

Y (DD)

Y (DD)

Y

Louisiana

HS

Y

Y7

N

Y

N

--

Y

Y

Y

Y

ST or PE

N

Y (DD)

N

 

HPS

Y

Y

N

Y

N

--

Y

N

N

N

--

N

N

Y

Maine

HS

Y

Y

N

Y

N

--

Y

N

N

Y

ST or PE

Y

Y

Y

Maryland

HS

Y

Y

N

N

N

--

Y

Y

Y

Y

PE[11]

N

N

N

 

RSS

Y

Y

N

N

N

--

Y

Y

N

N

--

N

N

N

 

 

 

STATE

 

 

 

category option(s)2

notification or

registration required

annual notification required

parent/instructor

educational requirements

minimum

instruction time

required to keep attendance records

required to submit attendance recs. regularly

state-mandated

subjects

required to maintain curriculum records3

required to maintain test scores and/or student work3

evaluation/assessment required by state

 

 

 

evaluation/assessment options

eligible for part-time public school enrollment

eligible for public school extracurricular participation

state required to provide special education services5

Massachusetts

HS

Y

Y7

N

N

N

--

Y

N

N

Y

negotiated[12]

Y

Y

Y

Michigan

HS

N

--

N

N

N

--

Y

N

N

N

--

Y

Y (DD)

N

Minnesota

HS

Y

Y

N

N

Y

N

Y

Y

Y

Y

ST

N

Y

Y

Mississippi

HS

Y

Y

N

Y

N

--

N

N

N

N

--

Y (DD)

Y (DD)

N

Missouri

HS

N

--

N

Y

Y

N

Y

Y

Y

N

--

Y (DD)

Y (DD)

Y

Montana

HS

Y

Y7

N

Y

Y

N

Y

N

N

N

--

Y (DD)

Y (DD)

N

Nebraska

HPS

Y

Y7

N

Y

N

--

Y

N

N

N

--

Y

Y

Y

Nevada

HS

Y7

N

N

N

N

--

Y

N

N

N

--

Y

Y

Y

New Hampshire

HS

Y

Y

N

N

N

--

Y

Y

Y

Y

--

Y

Y

N

New Jersey

HS

N

--

N

N

N

--

N

N

N

N

--

Y (DD)

Y (DD)

N

New Mexico

HS

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

N

Y

N

N

N

--

Y (DD)

Y

N

New York

HS

Y

Y7

N

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

ST (4,6,8,9-12)[14]

N

Y(DD)

N

North Carolina

HS

Y

N

Y

Y

Y

N

N

N

Y

Y

ST

Y (DD)

Y (DD)

N

North Dakota

HS

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

N

Y

Y

Y

Y

ST (4,6,8,10)

Y (DD)

Y (DD)

Y[15]

Ohio

HS

Y

Y7

Y

Y

N

--

Y

N

N

Y

ST or PE

Y (DD)

Y

N

Oklahoma

AI

N

--

N

Y

N

--

N

N

N

N

--

Y (DD)

Y (DD)

N

Oregon

HS

Y

N

N

N

N

--

N

N

N

Y

ST (3,5,8,10)

Y (DD)

Y

N

Pennsylvania

HS

Y

Y7

Y

Y

N

--

Y

Y

Y

Y

PE

Y (DD)

Y

Y

 

RSS

N

--

N

Y

N

--

Y

N

N

N

--

Y (DD)

Y

Y

Rhode Island

HS

Y

Y

N

Y

Y

N

Y

N

N

Y

ST or other[16]

Y (DD)

Y (DD)

Y

South Carolina

HS

N

--

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

ST and PR

Y (DD)

Y (DD)

Y

 

PSS

N

--

Y

Y

Y

N

Y

N

N

N

--

Y (DD)

Y (DD)

Y

South Dakota

HS

Y

Y

N

Y

Y

N

Y

N

Y

Y

ST (2,4,8,11)

Y (DD)

Y (DD)

N

Tennessee

HS

Y

Y7

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

N

N

Y

ST (5,7,9)

Y (DD)

Y

N

 

RSS

N

--

N

Y

N

--

N

N

N

N

--

Y (DD)

Y

N

Texas

HPS

N

--

N

N

N

--

Y

N

N

N

--

Y (DD)

Y (DD)

Y

Utah

HS

Y

N

N

N

N

--

N

N

N

N

--

Y

Y

Y

Vermont

HS

Y

Y7

N

N

N

--

Y

N

N

Y

PE or ST

Y

Y

N

Virginia6

HS

Y

Y7

Y

Y

N

--

N

N

N

Y

ST or PE

Y (DD)

Y (DD)

N

 

 

 

STATE

 

 

 

category option(s)2

 

notification or

registration required

annual notification required

parent/instructor

educational requirements

minimum

instruction time

required to keep attendance records

required to submit attendance recs. regularly

state-mandated

subjects

required to maintain curriculum records3

required to maintain test scores and/or student work3

evaluation/assessment required by state

 

 

 

evaluation/assessment options

eligible for part-time public school enrollment

eligible for public school extracurricular participation

state required to provide special education services8

Washington

HS

Y

Y

Y

Y

N

--

Y

N

Y

Y

ST or PE

Y

Y

N

 

PSS

N

N

N17

Y

N

--

Y

N

N

N

--

Y

Y

Y

West Virginia

HS

Y

Y7

Y

N

N

--

N

N

N

Y

ST or PE

Y (DD)

N

Y

Wisconsin

HS

Y

Y

N

Y

N

--

Y

N

N

N

--

Y (DD)

Y (DD)

N

Wyoming

HS

Y

Y7

N

Y

N

--

Y

N

N

N

--

Y (DD)

Y

N

 

key:  RSS=religious school satellite; HS=home school; HPS= home as private school; PSS=private school satellite; PI=private instruction; AI=alternative instruction; ST(#)=standardized testing (if not yearly, applicable grade levels for testing indicated); PE=portfolio evaluation of student’s work by “qualified” person (see state code for qualifications); PR=progress report at end of each year; HV=home visit; DD=district discretion



[1] Since homeschooling regulations change periodically and legal interpretations may vary, these data should be verified with legal counsel as well.

[2] Private (including religious) schools may be responsible for meeting certain state requirements themselves, but such details are not reflected in this chart if the state does not require them directly of homeschoolers.  Also, many states have additional “homeschooling” options not listed here that impose further regulation (e.g., private tutoring that requires a certified instructor, or state-approved correspondence curricula) and are thus less popular choices for homeschoolers.  In many instances, however, these options have correspondingly fewer demands in terms of assessment and ongoing state oversight.  Consult individual state statutes for details.

[3] Unless indicated by PE (portfolio evaluation), PR (progress report), or ST (standardized testing) in “evaluation/assessment options” category, these records do not need to be submitted regularly, but must be available for inspection (see specific state statutes for details on what information is required and access rules).

[4] Some states that allow many forms of extracurricular participation will still restrict high school interscholastic athletic competition to full-time students.

[5] In many states, however, districts can choose to offer special education services even when not required by law.

[6] State law includes a “religious freedom” component which may allow qualifying families to avoid some or all homeschool regulations.

[7] Notification must also include information about intended curricula and planned instructional schedule (Arkansas also requires information about educational qualifications of parents).

[8] Also includes “suggested procedures” for home instruction which include state notification and annual portfolio review.

[9] While these assessments are mandated, homeschoolers do not need to submit them (just have them available for possible inspection).

[10] Standardized tests are required in addition to portfolio evaluation for grades 3, 5, 8, and 10.

[11] Portfolio of “relevant materials” must be available for review by local superintendent, who has the option to do so up to three times per year.

[12] Home education plans—detailing proposed curriculum, instructor competency, and proposed assessments—must be reviewed and approved by local districts.

[13]

[14] An Individualized Home Instruction Plan must be submitted to the school district at the start of each year, as well as progress reports on a quarterly basis; during grades 1-3, 5, and 7, parents may submit either standardized test results or a portfolio review by a “qualified” person.

[15] Parents of children with developmental disabilities in North Dakota must follow strict guidelines in order to be permitted to homeschool them (15.1-23-14 and 15.1-23-15).

[16] Assessment is not mandated, but school district has the option of requiring it; if so, parents may choose standardized testing or some other form of assessment.

[17] Parents must be supervised by a certificated person.


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